If it is assumed that the lambing percentage is 150% and that management is at such a level that ewes can lamb about three times in two years, a Dorper ewe will produce 2.25 lambs on an annual basis. Dorper sheep keep dying. You see, this sheep doesn't need shearingit sheds its fleece once a year. Many consider this breed the foundation of the US sheep industry. It measures 27 to 35 microns and has a 5 to 10-pound clip with a 2 to 4-inch staple. Muscles are clearly visible on the hips and back of the back, which is largely due to the short and sparse coat (for the most part it consists of outer hair and undercoat). A lambing percentage of 150% can be reached under good conditions while in exceptional cases even 180% can be attained. Provide a trough with a layer of cracked corn which will allow the sheep to really add on the weight. What sheep can be milked, why not all sheep are milked, sheep milk products . A Dorper ewe should be able to lamb for a minimum of seven years. Mature rams range in weight from 240 pounds to 275 pounds (90-120 kg). The Dorper was first created in the 1930s. According to approximate estimates of scientists, the first sheep on Earth appeared about 6-7 thousand years ago, and they began to spread around the globe from the territory of Turkey. The Dorper skin is the most sought after sheepskin in the world and is marketed under the name of Cape Glovers. These cookies ensure basic functionalities and security features of the website, anonymously. History: In the early 1930s, meat-sheep raisers in South Africa set out to create a mutton breed that didn't require shearing and could produce high-quality, fast-growing lambs under harsh conditions. The breed was bred in the 30s of the last century in South Africa. It is a medium-sized animal that is thick and well-muscled. I often link to Amazon when recommending certain products, and if you choose to purchase, I may earn a small percentage of the sale. The Dorper sheep is a breed of domestic sheep from South Africa. They can be put out to graze on pastures that would otherwise be left unused, which means that they can convert a poor asset into a profitable field. They do one thing, and they do it well. But opting out of some of these cookies may affect your browsing experience. The stud ewes are mated in single-sire groups from late February to late March. This coat combined with their thicker-than-average skin allows the Dorper to be kept outside throughout the year. A total of 181 ewe lambs representing crossbred Dorsets (DO) and Dorpers (DP; out of 1/2-Dorset, 1/4-Rambouillet, 1/4-Finnsheep ewes) and straight-bred Katahdins (KT) were evaluated over 3 yr. An additional 144 DO, DP, KT, and Barbados . Functional cookies help to perform certain functionalities like sharing the content of the website on social media platforms, collect feedbacks, and other third-party features. The Dorper sheep are easy to recognize due to their black heads. The Dorper sheep can grow 110 pounds in five months. During 1957, this aspect received a lot of attention and discussion. Texas Hill Country Dorper Association This means that they are not given the choice of what to eat, or which sections of a plant, and are expected to feed on the grass and plants in the vicinity. Katum smooth-haired sheep: description, advantages and disadvantages of the breed, Average weight of a sheep: a live adult, how much does a lamb carcass weigh, Who is considered the ancestor of domestic sheep: theories of origin, Fine-wool sheep breeding: the most famous breeds, breeding, Sheep milk cheese: types of cheese, how to make at home, Sheep breeding in the countries of the world, Areas of application of lamb fat, how to choose when buying, benefits and harms. These lambs tend to be healthy, self-sufficient, and fast-growing. This is because of the natural mothering instincts of the ewes. In winter, it is better to heat the water, because sheep can catch a cold due to the use of cold liquid. document.write('animal-science-mail-form'); Dorper sheep, description and photos. In 1964 the two breeds merged into one society to include Dorper and White Dorper sheep. It is best to grow small dorpers with the joint method when they are in the mother pen until the age of two weeks, and the queens graze freely in the pasture, returning to their offspring every three hours to feed. With all of the benefits available like their hardiness to the environment, neutral grazing, and shedding, they make an excellent breed that practically cares for itself. Hello. The Dorper does well in various range and feeding conditions and reacts very favorably under intensive feeding conditions. Search our database of over 11517 posts with up-to-date information from our experts and veterinarians. The breed was created through the efforts of the South African Department of Agriculture to breed a meat sheep suitable to the more arid regions of the country. Grass-fed lamb is also an amazing source of zinc and selenium which protect against oxidative stress. Regular Dorper sheep have white bodies and dull black heads. April 28, 2022. A young ram can service around 25 ewes while a mature ram can manage as many as 50 in 55 days. Keep the water trough filled with clean, fresh water. In 1950, the South African Dorper Breeders Association was formed. While in representatives of other breeds of sheep, body weight depends on the quality of nutrition, Dorper sheep quickly gain weight even on poor feed, often reaching up to 9095 kg. Try to ensure some shade for the sheep during summer months, and protection from the rain during winter. Ages vary. $ 100.00 - $ 350.00. If such females give birth to a large number of lambs, then be prepared for artificial feeding. There is little difference between black-headed and white-headed Dorpers the choice is a matter of target market preference. PO Box 259 Dorper sheep were first bred in South Africa and were bred to cope with the semi-arid climate of the region. The two are considered identical, other than the coloring, so there is no preference when it comes to meat, rearing, breeding, or other factors. Considered even-tempered sheep, Dorpers are easy to work with. Dorper sheep farming is a result of the breed being developed in South Africa. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. Like other sheep breeds, Dorper has its advantages and disadvantages, although the latter are not so significant. This is especially important for pregnant females, as they are always deficient in nutrients and vitamins. If you choose to raise Dorset Horn sheep, you are helping ensure the survival of future generations of this incredible animal. According to Dr Q P Campbell in "Make Money with Mutton Sheep", the average daily gain of Dorpers under extensive conditions was from 81 g to 91 g per day. Despite originating in the warmer temperatures of South Africa, they will grow a thicker coat in colder temperatures. Lead Time : Varies. On the very rare occasion, a Dorper ewe will produce twins. This can be achieved by exchanging rams or buying from other farmers after every one to one-and-a-half years. The breed has a thick, well muscled carcass and extended period of fertility. Adult breeding rams can cost around $6000, while young ones can cost as much as $1500. Their skin is of such high quality that it is sought after in the leather-making industry. Having been bred in South Africa, the breed is more than capable of dealing with semi-arid conditions, and it is less picky over its food than other breeds. The cookie is set by GDPR cookie consent to record the user consent for the cookies in the category "Functional". The Dorper is more tolerant of parasites than other breeds, and is not as prone to flystrike, either. We are experienced exporters and can arrange shipping for your Dorpers as well as offer consulting . Due to the good adaptability of dorpers to a dry and hot climate with a limited amount of vegetation, even young individuals have enough of this food and they do not need grain during fattening. How many years do domestic rams and sheep live? It is now farmed in other areas as well, and is the second most common sheep breed in South Africa.[1]. While developed for arid environments, they are well adapted to a variety of climatic and grazing conditions, even arid extensive regions. Because of this, they are not categorized as having good wool. Member for 6 years JessicaYbarra. Well, the second is Border Leicester, a serious breed. It is also not as prone to flystrike or parasitic infestation. This means that a good manager can have his flock lambing throughout the year. It is generally accepted that sheep require up to 20 square feet of shed per adult sheep. This can either be in the form of trees or a more stable shed. Out of these, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. In addition, the Persians have very valuable skins used in the production of fine leather products. This study was designed to evaluate breed differences in resistance to Haemonchus contortus in lambs. Purebred means that it is at least 93% Dorper genetics but has been upgraded from American stock. A live weight of about 36 kg can be reached by the Dorper lamb at the age of 3- 4 months. One acre of land will generally house between three and six sheep. Better conception rates are achieved at nine to twelve months with later bred ewes growing out better. Merinos are considered good eaters that will graze on just about anything, and the Dorper is even less picky. The Dorper sheep was bred in South Africa in the 1930s. The Dorper sheep breed is known for producing excellent quality meat in arid climates. It was actually created through the efforts of South African Department of Agriculture for developing a meat sheep breed suitable to the more arid regions of South Africa.. A unique experiment to create a hardy and unpretentious breed was crowned with success . At 21 weeks, it can gain weight more than 70 kg. Under extensive conditions a lambing percentage of 100% can be expected. A Canadian expat, Nicole now lives on a lush forest property with her Kiwi husband and new baby daughter in New Zealand. By the age of two months, the weight of the lamb reaches 40 kg, and at four months, small burly men weigh about 55 kg. Can be safely used to improve other breeds. In case of any violation in the behavior of a particular individual, it must be immediately isolated from the rest of the livestock and shown to a veterinarian. In addition, sheep have many other interesting features that are directly related to their origin. Advertisement cookies are used to provide visitors with relevant ads and marketing campaigns. In general, such sheep are found in various countries, because they are equally well adapted to both the hot conditions of their native Africa and the frosty winters of the northern regions. The Dorper is a South African mutton breed developed in the 1930s from the Dorset Horn and Blackhead Persian. Last seen: 01/07/2017 - 16:28 Joined: 01/07/2017 - 15:01 Please Help! The Dorper has a long breeding season which is not seasonally limited. Fullbloods have been upgraded from American stock and have at least 93% Dorper genetics. Australian Dorper and White Dorper Association Inc, Dorper Sheep Association of Czech Republic, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Dorper&oldid=1130165072, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2013, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2011, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License 3.0, This page was last edited on 28 December 2022, at 22:27. This ensures a high quality carcass of approximately 16 kg. The Dorper ewes from this cross were excellent mothers that could be bred in any season. 2022 Winter; 2022 Autumn; . Meat of excellent quality. It was created by crossing the Dorset Horn with the Blackhead Persian. This cookie is set by GDPR Cookie Consent plugin. Hello, I am Siddartha Reddy . It also brings remarkable fertility, with the ability to breed every eight months and to produce a high number of twins. Case notes on veterinary investigations in sheep, cattle and other species. Nutritional Effects on Parasites American Consortium for Small Ruminant Parasite Control It has high fertility and maternal instinct, combined with high growth rates and hardiness. You will have to research the flock that you have to ensure that its a dominant characteristic. Wool predominantly covers their forequarter.